The scale about the motivation for pre-natal communication (SMPNC): a new psychometric instrument dedicated to the assessment of the communication of the pregnant women to the fetus

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The scale about the motivation for pre-natal communication (SMPNC): a new psychometric instrument dedicated to the assessment of the communication of the pregnant women to the fetus

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Title: The scale about the motivation for pre-natal communication (SMPNC): a new psychometric instrument dedicated to the assessment of the communication of the pregnant women to the fetus
Author: Justo, J. M. R. M.; Graça, C. S. S.; Martins, M. S. A.
Abstract: Los cambios psicológicos en mujeres embarazadas inducen comunicaciones hacia el feto. El comportamiento vocal materno induce reacciones fetales. La comunicación prenatal requiere que los fetos y los recién nacidos realicen discriminaciones auditivas. Los fetos en embarazos de riesgo presentan dificultades en estos asuntos. Para estudiar posibles cambios en la actividad vocal durante embarazos saludables y de riesgo, SMPNC se organizó con 28 ítems relacionados con la comunicación vocal materna. SMPNC se envió a mujeres embarazadas que esperaban ecografías en el tercer trimestre. Los índices adecuados (KMO = .888; BTS, χ2 = 2792.795, df = 378, p = .000) permitieron la realización de varios análisis factoriales. El análisis con la rotación Equamax identificó cinco factores: comunicación verbal con el bebé, participación de la pareja en la comunicación hacia el bebé, contenido compartido en la comunicación hacia el bebé, percepción sobre la competencia auditiva del bebé y disponibilidad para la comunicación hacia el bebé. Juntos, los elementos de estos factores constituyen una Escala Total. Las subescalas y la escala total se correlacionaron con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Algunas subescalas de SMPNC presentan correlaciones negativas con variables relacionadas con el estado reproductivo. Estos resultados sugieren que la motivación materna para la comunicación prenatal es especialmente alta durante la primera gestación y disminuye a medida que las madres deben dividir su atención materna por varios hijos.Psychological changes in pregnant women induce communications towards the fetus. Maternal vocal behavior induces fetal reactions. Prenatal communication takes fetuses and newborns to perform auditory discriminations. Fetuses in risk pregnancies present difficulties in these matters. To study possible changes in vocal activity during healthy and risk pregnancies, SMPNC was organized with 28 items related with maternal vocal communication. SMPNC was submitted to pregnant women waiting for sonograms at the third trimester. Adequate indexes (KMO = .888; BTS, χ2 = 2792.795, df = 378, p = .000) allowed the performance of several factorial analysis. Analysis with Equamax rotation identified five factors: Verbal Communication With the Baby, Engaging the Partner in the Communication Towards the Baby, Contents Shared in the Communication Towards the Baby, Perception About the Baby’s Auditory Competence and Availability for the Communication Towards the Baby. Together the items of these factors constitute a Total Scale. Subscales and Total Scale were correlated with sociodemographic and clinical variables. Some subscales of SMPNC present negative correlations with variables related with reproductive status. These results suggest that maternal motivation for prenatal communication is especially high during the first gestation and decreases as mothers must divide their maternal attention for several sons.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/10073
Date: 2019


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