Resilience and psychological well-being: differences for affective profiles in Italian middle and late adolescents

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Resilience and psychological well-being: differences for affective profiles in Italian middle and late adolescents

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Title: Resilience and psychological well-being: differences for affective profiles in Italian middle and late adolescents
Author: De Caroli, Maria Elvira; Sagone, Elisabetta
Abstract: Este estudio se centra en las diferencias para los perfiles afectivos en las dimensiones de la resiliencia y los factores de bienestar psicológico en una muestra de adolescentes italianos medios y tardíos. Utilizamos el perfil italiano de actitudes y habilidades de resiliencia (De Caroli & Sagone, 2014a), la escala de bienestar psicológico (Ryff y Keyes, 1995) y la escala de afecto positivo (PA) y negativo (NA) (Di Fabio & Bucci , 2015). Obtuvimos cuatro combinaciones diferentes de perfiles afectivos: autocumplido (alto PA y bajo NA), bajo afectivo (bajo PA y bajo NA), alto afectivo (alto PA y alto NA) y perfil autodestructivo (bajo PA y alto NA) . Resultados: los adolescentes con perfil autocumplido informaron de una mayor resistencia (en detalle, sentido del humor, competencia, adaptabilidad y compromiso) y bienestar psicológico (es decir, autonomía, propósito en la vida, autoaceptación) que los demás. Además, los niños tenían un mayor perfil de autocumplimiento y obtuvieron una puntuación más alta en sentido del humor y adaptabilidad que las niñas, mientras que las niñas tenían un mayor perfil afectivo y autodestructivo y obtuvieron puntuaciones más altas en control y compromiso que los niños. Las futuras investigaciones educativas y de desarrollo podrían profundizar otros factores protectores del perfil autocumplido en la adolescencia, como la autoeficacia y el optimismo.This study was focused on the differences for affective profiles on dimensions of resilience and factors of psychological well-being in a sample of Italian middle and late adolescents. We used the Italian Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (De Caroli & Sagone, 2014a), the Psychological Well- Being Scale (Ryff & Keyes, 1995), and the Positive (PA) and Negative (NA) Affect Scale (Di Fabio & Bucci, 2015). We obtained four different combinations of affective profiles: self-fulfilling (high PA and low NA), low affective (low PA and low NA), high affective (high PA and high NA), and selfdestructive profile (low PA and high NA). Results: adolescents with self-fulfilling profile reported higher resilience (in detail, sense of humor, competence, adaptability, and engagement) and psychological well-being (that is, autonomy, purpose in life, self-acceptance) than the others. Additionally, boys had greater self-fulfilling profile and scored higher in sense of humor and adaptability than girls, while girls had greater high affective and self-destructive profiles and scored higher in control and engagement than boys. Future developmental and educational research could deepen other protective factors of self-fulfilling profile in adolescence, as self-efficacy and optimism.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/10200
Date: 2016


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