Risk factors associated with burnout syndrome in teachers

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Risk factors associated with burnout syndrome in teachers

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Title: Risk factors associated with burnout syndrome in teachers
Author: Vargas, Cristina; Cañadas, Gustavo R.; Fuente, Emilia I. de la; San Luís, Concepción; Lozano, Luis Manuel
Abstract: El síndrome de Burnout es una repuesta al estrés crónico laboral que se caracteriza por la ausencia de motivación, desinterés, malestar e insatisfacción laboral que afecta a determinados grupos profesionales. Desde una perspectiva psicológica, se interpreta como un proceso que implica una reducida realización personal en el trabajo, cansancio emocional y despersonalización. El desarrollo del síndrome conlleva un deterioro físico y psíquico, y consecuencias negativas en el ámbito personal y laboral. Los docentes son uno de los colectivos más afectados por este síndrome. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar una revisión bibliográfica de las principales variables asociadas con el síndrome de Burnout en docentes. Se han encontrado numerosos factores de riesgo asociados con el síndrome de Burnout. Estos factores de riesgo se pueden agrupar en factores individuales (sociodemográficos y personales) y organizacionales (ambiente laboral y condiciones laborales). Estos resultados se deberían de tener en cuenta cuando se trabaja en la prevención de Burnout en profesores.Burnout syndrome is a response to chronic job stress characterized by a lack of motivation, disinterest, internal unrest and job dissatisfaction, which seems to especially affect certain professional groups. From a psychosocial perspective, it is conceptualized as a process that involves reduced personal accomplishment at work, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Burnout development involves deterioration in physical and mental health and has negative consequences in personal and work spheres. Teachers are considered among the professional groups more affected by Burnout syndrome. The aim of this work is to present a bibliography review of the main variables associated with Burnout syndrome in teachers. Many risk factors associated with Burnout syndrome were identified. Two types of factors were distinguished: individual (sociodemographic and personality variables) and organizational factors (work environment and work conditions). The results in this study should be taken into account when working to prevent Burnout syndrome in teachers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/4226
Date: 2012


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