The practice of physical activity related to self-esteem and academical performance in students of basic education

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The practice of physical activity related to self-esteem and academical performance in students of basic education

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Title: The practice of physical activity related to self-esteem and academical performance in students of basic education
Author: Batista, Marco Alexandre da Silva; Cubo Delgado, Sixto; Honório, Samuel Alexandre de Almeida; Martins, Júlio Manuel Cardoso
Abstract: El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo relacionar la actividad física en la formación del autoconcepto, la autoestima y el rendimiento escolar en niños de educación básica. Tuvimos una muestra de 531 estudiantes de los municipios de Santarém, Torres Novas, Entroncamento y Tomar (Portugal), de los cuales 295 estudiantes (55.6%) para hombres y 236 estudiantes (44.4%) que mujeres, con una edad media de la muestra de 9.13 años, que van desde un mínimo de 8 años y un máximo de 10 años. De esta muestra, 394 estudiantes (74%) tienen la práctica de actividad física, al menos un personaje formal extracurricular y 137 estudiantes (26%) de la muestra total informaron no haber actividad física. Como instrumento de recolección de datos se utilizó el concepto del Yo de Susan Harter validado para la población portuguesa (Martins, Peixoto, Mata y Monteiro, 1995), donde se analizaron datos descriptivos e inferenciales para confrontar los niveles de autoconcepto en las áreas de competencia escolar, aceptación social, competencia atlética, apariencia física, comportamiento y autoestima global. También se registraron los beneficios de los estudiantes de las escuelas de las áreas temáticas de Matemáticas, Inglés y Ciencias de Estudios. La práctica de la actividad física regular no fue decisiva, demostró ser un factor significativo en el nivel de autoconcepto, autoestima y rendimiento académico de los estudiantes. Sin embargo, la variable del yo parece asumir una evolución con el aumento de sesiones semanales de actividad física, ya que aparentemente la práctica de al menos un deporte eleva los niveles de autoestima. Los estudiantes con el mayor número de horas semanales de actividad física regularmente revelan un nivel de rendimiento académico significativamente más alto, en comparación con los estudiantes con menos horas sin registro o practican actividad física regular semanalmente.The present study was aimed to relate physical activity in the formation of self-concept, self-esteem and school performance in children of basic education. We had a sample of 531 students of the municipalities of Santarém, Torres Novas, Entroncamento and Tomar (Portugal), of which 295 students (55.6%) for males and 236 students (44.4%) than females, with a mean age of the sample of 9.13 years, ranging from a minimum of 8 years and a maximum of 10 years. From this sample, 394 students (74%) have the practice of physical activity at least one formal character extracurricular and 137 students (26%) of the total sample reported no physical activity. As an instrument of data collection used the concept of the Self Susan Harter validated for the Portuguese population (Martins, Peixoto, Mata & Monteiro, 1995), where we analysed descriptive and inferential data in order to confront levels average self-concept in the areas of scholastic competence, social acceptance, athletic competence, physical appearance, behaviour, and global self-esteem. Were also recorded income school students study the subject areas of Mathematics, English and Sciences Studies. The practice of regular physical activity not decisively proved a significant factor in the level of self-concept, self-esteem and academic performance of students. However, the variable self seems to assume an evolution with increasing number of sessions per week of physical activity, as apparently the practice of at least one sport elevates levels of self-esteem. Students with the highest number of weekly hours of physical activity regularly reveal a level of academic achievement significantly higher, compared to students with less hours without registration or practice regular physical activity weekly.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/7466
Date: 2016


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