Do "polites" ao "kosmopolites"

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Do "polites" ao "kosmopolites"

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Title: Do "polites" ao "kosmopolites"
Author: Leão, Delfim F.
Abstract: En este artículo, el autor se propone abordar los cambios políticos, económicos y sociales que han caracterizado la sustitución del mundo de la polis por la realidad más amplia de los reinos helenísticos. Al dejar, paulatinamente, de tomar parte en los objetivos comunes de la polis, se van produciendo unos cambios, los intereses privados son mantenidos en un segundo plano, la sociedad evoluciona hacia un nuevo estado donde la felicidad individual se vuelve más importante que la comunidad como un todo, en la misma medida en que esa comunidad ya no es capaz de implicar a cada ciudadano en la administración directa de la polis, llevando los objetivos comunes de la polis a la esfera privada de sus intereses personales. El “polites” era así sustituido por el “kosmopolites”, de la misma forma que la polis se veía suplantada por la nueva realidad “globalizada” de la “oikoumene”.In this paper, the author makes an approach to the political, economic and social changes that characterized the substitution of the world of the polis by the wider reality of the Hellenistic kingdoms. By progressively leaving aside the inner demand of commitment with the common interests of the polis, where private concerns were to be kept at a secondary level of importance, society evolved to a new stage where individual happiness became more central than the community as a whole, because this same community was no longer able to involve their individual citizens in the direct administration of the polis, thus liberating them for the private sphere of their personal interests. The “polites” was being replaced by the “kosmopolites”, just as the polis was in the process of being supplanted by the new “globalizing” reality of the “oikoumene”.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/748
Date: 2009


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