Genome comparison of erythromycin resistant campylobacter from Turkeys identifies hosts and pathways for horizontal spread of erm(B) genes

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Genome comparison of erythromycin resistant campylobacter from Turkeys identifies hosts and pathways for horizontal spread of erm(B) genes

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Title: Genome comparison of erythromycin resistant campylobacter from Turkeys identifies hosts and pathways for horizontal spread of erm(B) genes
Author: Flórez Cuadrado, Diego; Ugarte Ruiz, María; Méric, Guillaume; Quesada Molina, Alberto; Porrero Calonge, María Concepción; Pascoe, Ben; Sáez Llorente, José Luis; López Orozco, Gema; Domínguez Rodríguez, Lucas; Sheppard, Samuel K.
Abstract: Los patógenos en el género Campylobacter son la causa más común de gastroenteritis bacteriana transmitida por los alimentos. La campilobacteriosis, causada principalmente por Campylobacter jejuni y Campylobacter coli, se transmite a los humanos mediante alimentos de origen animal, especialmente aves de corral. En cuanto a muchos patógenos, la resistencia antimicrobiana en Campylobacter está aumentando a un ritmo alarmante. La prescripción de eritromicina es el tratamiento de elección para los casos clínicos que requieren terapia antimicrobiana, pero esto se ve comprometido por la movilidad del gen de resistencia a la eritromicina erm (B) entre las cepas. Aquí, evaluamos la resistencia a seis antimicrobianos en 170 aislados de Campylobacter (133 C. coli y 37 C. jejuni) de pavos. Los aislados resistentes a la eritromicina (n = 85; 81 C. coli y 4 C. jejuni) se examinaron en busca de la presencia del gen erm (B), que no se ha identificado previamente en aislamientos de pavos. Se secuenciaron los genomas de dos aislamientos positivos de C. coli y en ambos aislamientos el gen erm (B) se agrupó con determinantes de resistencia contra aminoglucósidos más tetraciclina, incluidos aad9, aadE, aph (2 ") - IIIa, aph (3 ') - IIIa , y genes tet (O). El análisis genómico comparativo identificó secuencias erm (B) idénticas entre Campylobacter de pavos, Streptococcus suis de cerdos y Enterococcus faecium y Clostridium difficile de humanos. Esto es consistente con múltiples eventos de transferencia horizontal entre diferentes especies de bacterias que colonizan pavos. Este ejemplo destaca el potencial de diseminación de la resistencia antimicrobiana a través de los límites de las especies bacterianas que pueden comprometer su efectividad en la terapia antimicrobiana.Pathogens in the genus Campylobacter are the most common cause of food-borne bacterial gastro-enteritis. Campylobacteriosis, caused principally by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, is transmitted to humans by food of animal origin, especially poultry. As for many pathogens, antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter is increasing at an alarming rate. Erythromycin prescription is the treatment of choice for clinical cases requiring antimicrobial therapy but this is compromised by mobility of the erythromycin resistance gene erm(B) between strains. Here, we evaluate resistance to six antimicrobials in 170 Campylobacter isolates (133 C. coli and 37 C. jejuni) from turkeys. Erythromycin resistant isolates (n = 85; 81 C. coli and 4 C. jejuni) were screened for the presence of the erm(B) gene, that has not previously been identified in isolates from turkeys. The genomes of two positive C. coli isolates were sequenced and in both isolates the erm(B) gene clustered with resistance determinants against aminoglycosides plus tetracycline, including aad9, aadE, aph(2″)-IIIa, aph(3′)-IIIa, and tet(O) genes. Comparative genomic analysis identified identical erm(B) sequences among Campylobacter from turkeys, Streptococcus suis from pigs and Enterococcus faecium and Clostridium difficile from humans. This is consistent with multiple horizontal transfer events among different bacterial species colonizing turkeys. This example highlights the potential for dissemination of antimicrobial resistance across bacterial species boundaries which may compromise their effectiveness in antimicrobial therapy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/8444
Date: 2017


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