Application of two intervention programs in order to optimize motivation and to improve eating habits in adult and elderly women

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Application of two intervention programs in order to optimize motivation and to improve eating habits in adult and elderly women

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Title: Application of two intervention programs in order to optimize motivation and to improve eating habits in adult and elderly women
Author: Leyton Román, Marta; Batista, Marco Alexandre da Silva; Lobato Muñoz, Susana; Aspano Carrón, María Isabel; Jiménez Castuera, Ruth
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la efectividad de dos programas de intervención: un programa de ejercicio físico con estrategias para apoyar las tres necesidades psicológicas básicas (autonomía, competencia y afinidad); y un programa de ejercicios físicos con educación nutricional para mejorar los estilos de vida de mujeres adultas y ancianas que practicaban el mantenimiento funcional. La teoría de la autodeterminación se aplicó como marco teórico. Una muestra de 135 mujeres de entre 40 y 88 años (59,66 ± 10,76) que se inscribieron en un programa de mantenimiento funcional de 12 semanas y asistió a 24 clases de ejercicios participó en el estudio. Se realizó un estudio cuasi experimental en el que se aplicaron estrategias para satisfacer las tres necesidades psicológicas básicas en un grupo y se aplicaron estrategias para mejorar los hábitos alimenticios en el otro grupo. No se aplicó ninguna estrategia al grupo control. Los resultados principales mostraron una mejora en los grupos experimentales I y II en comparación con el grupo de control en cuanto a las variables de autonomía, competencia, regulación intrínseca, regulación identificada, regulación incorporada incoscientemente, regulación externa y hábitos alimenticios, después de la aplicación de los programas de intervención. La conclusión es que ambos programas de intervención tuvieron éxito con los participantes de este proyecto y que es crucial promover tales programas de intervención en clases de mantenimiento funcional, ya que fomentan estilos de vida saludables entre los participantes.The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10.76) who enrolled in a 12-week functional maintenance program and attended 24 exercise classes took part in the study. A quasi-experimental study was performed where strategies to support the three basic psychological needs were applied to one group and strategies for the improvement of eating habits were applied to the other group. No strategy was applied to the control group. The main results showed an improvement in experimental groups I and II when compared to the control group regarding the variables of autonomy, competence, intrinsic regulation, identified regulation, introjected regulation, external regulation and eating habits, after the application of the intervention programs. The conclusion is that both intervention programs were successful with this project's participants and that it is crucial to promote such intervention programs in functional maintenance classes, as they foster healthy lifestyles among participants.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/8632
Date: 2017


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