Physicochemical and nutritional characterization of brebas for fresh consumption from nine fig varieties (Ficus carica L.) grown in Extremadura (Spain)

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Physicochemical and nutritional characterization of brebas for fresh consumption from nine fig varieties (Ficus carica L.) grown in Extremadura (Spain)

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Title: Physicochemical and nutritional characterization of brebas for fresh consumption from nine fig varieties (Ficus carica L.) grown in Extremadura (Spain)
Author: Pereira Jiménez, Cristina; López Corrales, Margarita; Martín González, Alberto; Villalobos Rivera, María Carmen; Córdoba Ramos, María Guía; Serradilla Sánchez, Manuel Joaquín
Abstract: Se determinaron las características de calidad de brevas para consumo en fresco de nueve variedades de higos en diferentes etapas de maduración comercial. Los parámetros fisicoquímicos y nutricionales se analizaron para la piel y la carne, y los hallazgos se compararon entre las variedades y las etapas de maduración. Los resultados revelaron que los componentes principales de nutrientes en brebas son los azúcares, como la glucosa y la fructosa, y los elementos minerales, incluidos K, Ca, P y Mg. La mayoría de los nutrientes evaluados son elementos importantes que contribuyen a la calidad comercial de brebas. Las variedades “Pavo marrón” y “Banane” mostraron el mayor peso y ancho. Las concentraciones de azúcares monoméricos estudiados fueron más altas en carne que en piel, y las variedades "Cuello Dama Blanco" y "Colar Elche" mostraron el mayor contenido de estos azúcares. La etapa de maduración temprana, coincidiendo con un rápido aumento en el tamaño de la fruta, también se asoció con un mayor contenido de fibra y proteína, TA y firmeza para las variedades "Banane", "Brown Turkey" y "Blanca Bétera". Por el contrario, la etapa de maduración posterior se relacionó con un aumento significativo de TSS, MI y intensidad de color. Finalmente, no se observaron cambios claros en las concentraciones de ácidos orgánicos entre las diferentes variedades y las etapas de maduración comercial.The quality characteristics of brebas for fresh consumption from nine fig varieties at different commercial ripening stages were determined. Physicochemical and nutritional parameters were analyzed for both skin and flesh, and the findings were compared among varieties and ripening stages. The results revealed that the major nutrient components in brebas are sugars, such as glucose and fructose, and mineral elements, including K, Ca, P, and Mg. Most nutrients evaluated are important elements that contribute to the commercial quality of brebas. “Brown Turkey” and “Banane” varieties showed the highest weight and width. The concentrations of the monomer sugars studied were higher in flesh than skin, and the “Cuello Dama Blanco” and “Colar Elche” varieties showed the highest content of these sugars. The early ripening stage, coinciding with a fast increase in fruit size, was also associated with a higher fiber and protein contents, TA, and firmness for “Banane,” “Brown Turkey,” and “Blanca Bétera” varieties. Conversely, the later ripening stage was related to a significant increase of TSS, MI, and color intensity. Finally, no clear changes in the concentrations of organic acids were observed between different varieties and commercial ripening stages.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/8695
Date: 2017


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