Early meteorological records from Latin-America and the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries

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Early meteorological records from Latin-America and the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries

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Title: Early meteorological records from Latin-America and the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries
Author: Domínguez Castro, Fernando; Vaquero Martínez, José Manuel; Gallego Herrezuelo, María Cruz; Marín Farrona, Ana María; Antuna Marrero, Juan Carlos; Cevallos Salas, Erika Elizabeth; García Herrera, Ricardo; Guía González, Cristina de la; Mejía Navarrete, Raúl David; Naranjo Gómez, José Manuel; Prieto, María del Rosario; Ramos Guadalupe, Luis Enrique; Seiner Lizárraga, Lizardo; Machado Trigo, Ricardo; Villacis Erazo, Marcos
Abstract: Este documento proporciona datos instrumentales tempranos recuperados para 20 países de América Latina y el Caribe (Argentina, Bahamas, Belice, Brasil, Guayana Británica, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Francia (Martinica y Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica , México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Perú, Puerto Rico, El Salvador y Surinam) durante los siglos XVIII y XIX. Las principales variables meteorológicas recuperadas fueron la temperatura del aire, la presión atmosférica y la precipitación, pero otras variables, como la humedad, la dirección del viento y el estado del cielo, se recuperaron cuando fue posible. En total, se rescataron más de 300,000 datos instrumentales tempranos (96% con resolución diaria). Se hizo un esfuerzo especial para documentar todos los metadatos disponibles con el fin de permitir un posterior procesamiento posterior. La compilación está lejos de ser exhaustiva, pero el conjunto de datos contribuirá a una mejor comprensión de la variabilidad del clima en la región y a ampliar el período de superposición entre los datos instrumentales y los proxies naturales / documentales.This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible. In total, more than 300,000 early instrumental data were rescued (96% with daily resolution). Especial effort was made to document all the available metadata in order to allow further post-processing. The compilation is far from being exhaustive, but the dataset will contribute to a better understanding of climate variability in the region, and to enlarging the period of overlap between instrumental data and natural/documentary proxies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/9449
Date: 2017


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