Rehabilitative ultrasound imaging features of the abdominal wall muscles in elite and amateur basketball players

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Rehabilitative ultrasound imaging features of the abdominal wall muscles in elite and amateur basketball players

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Title: Rehabilitative ultrasound imaging features of the abdominal wall muscles in elite and amateur basketball players
Author: Romero Morales, Carlos; Almazán Polo, Jaime; Rodríguez Sanz, David; Palomo López, Patricia; López López, Daniel; Vázquez González, Sergio; Calvo Lobo, César
Abstract: El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar y comparar con imágenes de ultrasonido de rehabilitación (RUSI) el grosor muscular de la pared abdominal y la distancia interrecti (IRD) entre jugadores de baloncesto de élite y aficionados. Una muestra de 32 jugadores de baloncesto (edad: 23.0 ± 8.5; altura: 1.89 ± 14.25 m; peso: 86.6 ± 15.5 kg; índice de masa corporal: 22.8 ± 2.6 kg / m2) se dividió en dos grupos: jugadores profesionales de élite y aficionados. Se utilizó una herramienta de diagnóstico por ultrasonido con un transductor lineal de 7–14 MHz para imágenes de ultrasonido en modo B. Las imágenes de ultrasonido de los músculos oblicuo externo (EO), oblicuo interno (IO), transverso del abdomen (TrAb) y recto anterior (RA), así como IRD, se midieron y analizaron mediante el software ImageJ. Se mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p <0.05) con una mayor estatura, peso y puntajes de Nijmegen a favor de los jugadores de baloncesto de élite en comparación con los jugadores de baloncesto aficionados. Las mediciones de ultrasonido de los músculos de la pared abdominal mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p <0.05) para aumentar el grosor de IRD y TrAb izquierdo y disminuir el grosor de EO derecho e izquierdo a favor de los jugadores de baloncesto de élite versus aficionados. El resto de las mediciones no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p> 0.05). El aumento de grosor IRD y TrAb y el grosor reducido de EO pueden mostrarse en jugadores de baloncesto de élite versus aficionados.The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare with rehabilitative ultrasound imaging (RUSI) abdominal wall muscle thickness and interrecti distance (IRD) between elite and amateur basketball players. A sample of 32 basketball players (age: 23.0 ± 8.5; height: 1.89 ± 14.25 m; weight: 86.6 ± 15.5 kg; body mass index: 22.8 ± 2.6 kg/m2) was divided in two groups: profesional elite and amateur players. A diagnostic ultrasound tool with a 7–14 MHz range linear transducer was used for B mode ultrasound imaging. Ultrasound images of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), transversus abdominis (TrAb), and rectus anterior (RA) muscles as well as IRD were measured and analyzed by ImageJ software. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) with greater height, weight, and Nijmegen scores were shown in favor of the elite basketball players compared to the amateur basketball players. Ultrasound measurements of the abdominal wall muscles showed statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) for increased IRD and left TrAb thickness and decreased right and left EO thickness in favor of the elite versus amateur basketball players. The rest of the measurements did not show any statistically significant differences (p > 0.05). Increased IRD and TrAb thickness and reduced EO thickness may be shown in elite versus amateur basketball players.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/9886
Date: 2018


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