Poverty traps in the municipalities of Ecuador: empirical evidence

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Poverty traps in the municipalities of Ecuador: empirical evidence

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Title: Poverty traps in the municipalities of Ecuador: empirical evidence
Author: Correa Quezada, Ronny; García Vélez, Diego Fernando; Río Rama, María de la Cruz del; Álvarez García, José
Abstract: El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar desde una perspectiva espacial y temporal los territorios que se encuentran en un escenario de "trampa de pobreza". Este es un escenario que no permite superar las condiciones y determinantes que dieron lugar a esta precaria situación, creando un círculo vicioso donde las condiciones de pobreza perduran en el tiempo. La metodología aplicada es un análisis exploratorio de la dependencia espacial a través del diagrama de dispersión de Moran y los mapas de indicadores locales de asociación espacial (LISA) para visualizar los grupos espaciales de pobreza. La base de datos utilizada es la de los censos de población y vivienda de 1990, 2001 y 2010 a nivel cantonal. Los resultados determinan que 73 cantones estuvieron en una trampa de pobreza durante el período 1990–2001, mientras que entre 2001–2010, hubo 75 cantones en esta situación, que se ubicaron principalmente en las provincias de Esmeraldas, Manabí y Loja.The objective of this research is to identify from a spatial and temporal perspective the territories that are located in a “poverty trap” scenario. This is a scenario that does not allow overcoming the conditions and determinants that gave rise to this precarious situation, creating a vicious circle where the conditions of poverty endure through time. The methodology applied is an exploratory analysis of spatial dependence through Moran’s scatterplot and local indicators of spatial association (LISA) maps to visualize the spatial clusters of poverty. The database used is that of the population and housing censuses of 1990, 2001, and 2010 at the cantonal level. The results determine that 73 cantons were in a poverty trap over the period 1990–2001, while from 2001–2010, there were 75 cantons in this situation, which were located mainly in the provinces of Esmeraldas, Manabí, and Loja.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/9900
Date: 2018


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