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Title: Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in University Students at the University of Extremadura: A Cross-Sectional Study
Authors: Alfageme García, María Pilar
Basilio Fernández, Belinda
Ramírez Fernández, María del Valle
Gómez Luque, Adela
Jiménez Cano, Victor Manuel
Fabregat Fernández, Juan
Robles Alonso, Vicente
Clavijo Chamorro, María Zoraida
Hidalgo Ruíz, Sonia
Keywords: Diabetes risk;University students;Findrisk test;Modifiable risk factors;Diabetes mellitus type 2;Riesgo de diabetes;Estudiantes universitarios;Prueba de riesgo de búsqueda;Factores de riesgo modificables;Diabetes mellitus tipo 2
Issue Date: 2024
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide. The aim of our study was to detect people susceptible to DM among a university population aged 18 to 45 years and analyze the existence of modifiable risk factors in order to implement prevention programs, in addition to analyzing BMI data related to the variables under study. We proposed a descriptive, cross-sectional study following the recommendations of cross-sectional studies (STROBE), with a sample of 341 subjects, students enrolled at the University of Extremadura, carried out by two researchers. The research protocol was approved by the Bioethics Committee of the University of Extremadura (165/2021). The study considered the Findrisk questionnaire in Spanish, validated by the Blackboard Study, a stadiometer to measure height, a bioimpedance meter to evaluate weight and body composition parameters, and a blood pressure monitor to measure blood pressure. The results indicated that the participants had a low risk of suffering T2DM. The highest Findrisk test scores were found in those with a BMI value above 25, lower physical activity, poor dietary intake of fruits and vegetables, and increased fat mass. Our future research will be the implementation of T2DM prevention programs, acting on modifiable factors.
DOI: 10.3390/jpm14020146
Appears in Collections:DENFE - Artículos

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