Relationships between physical activity levels, self-identity, body dissatisfaction and motivation among Spanish high school students

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Relationships between physical activity levels, self-identity, body dissatisfaction and motivation among Spanish high school students

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Title: Relationships between physical activity levels, self-identity, body dissatisfaction and motivation among Spanish high school students
Author: Sánchez Miguel, Pedro Antonio; Leo Marcos, Francisco Miguel; Amado Alonso, Diana; Pulido González, Juan José; Sánchez Oliva, David
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar las relaciones entre el género y el grado educativo, por un lado, y los niveles de actividad física, motivación, autoidentificación, insatisfacción corporal, la intención de ser físicamente activos y el tiempo de descanso diario en el otro. Una muestra de adolescentes de secundaria españoles. La muestra consistió en 2087 estudiantes españoles de 3er grado (n = 1141) y 4to grado (n = 946), ambos hombres (n = 1046) y hembra (n = 1041), con edades comprendidas entre 15 y 17 años (M = 15.42; SD = .86). Los estudiantes completaron cuestionarios para evaluar sus niveles de actividad física, identidad propia, motivación, intención de estar físicamente activos y tiempo de sesión diario. Las percepciones de los estudiantes sobre la altura y masa de su cuerpo también fueron probadas. Con la excepción de los valores MET que caminan, los resultados mostraron diferencias de género en las variables probadas. Los participantes masculinos mostraron una motivación intrínseca más alta y una motivación más baja que las participantes femeninas. Además, los estudiantes varones revelaron niveles más altos de actividad física que las mujeres. Finalmente, la investigación concluyó con la importancia de promover razones intrínsecas para la actividad física con el fin de fomentar consecuencias positivas en los estudiantes de secundaria.The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between gender and the educational grade on the one hand, and physical activity levels, motivation, self-identity, body dissatisfaction, the intention to be physically active and daily sitting time on the other, in a sample of Spanish high school adolescents. The sample consisted of 2087 Spanish students from the 3rd (n = 1141) and 4th grade (n = 946), both male (n = 1046) and female (n = 1041), ranging in age from 15 to 17 years old (M = 15.42; SD = .86). Students completed questionnaires to assess their levels of physical activity, self-identity, motivation, intention to be physically active and daily sitting time. The students' perceptions of their body height and mass were also tested. With the exception of walking MET values, the results showed gender differences in the variables tested. Male participants showed higher intrinsic motivation and lower a motivation than female participants. Furthermore, male students revealed higher levels of physical activity than female students. Finally, the research concluded with the importance of promoting intrinsic reasons for physical activity in order to encourage positive consequences in high school students.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/8621
Date: 2017


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