The relationship between quantity and level of competition, and cognitive expertise in Spanish tennis players

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The relationship between quantity and level of competition, and cognitive expertise in Spanish tennis players

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Title: The relationship between quantity and level of competition, and cognitive expertise in Spanish tennis players
Author: García González, Luis; Moreno Domínguez, Alberto; Moreno Arroyo, María Perla; Gil Arias, Alexander; Villar Álvarez, Fernando del
Abstract: Este trabajo evalúa la relación entre la cantidad y el nivel de competencia y conocimientos cognitivos. Con este fin, se ha evaluado la experiencia cognitiva en español los jugadores de tenis (N=150) por medio del conocimiento declarativo (DK) y el conocimiento procesal (PK). DK y PK fueron evaluados mediante un cuestionario específico (DK/PK-QT; García-González, Moreno, Moreno, Iglesias, y del Villar, 2008). ANOVAs muestran diferencias significativas en ambos DK y PK con respecto a la cantidad de las competiciones jugadas (F(2, 147)=23.28; p<.001; ηp 2=0.24 para DK; F(2.147)=44.52; p<.001; ηp 2=0.37 Para PK) y con respecto al nivel de competencia (F(2, 147)=20.91; p<.001; ηp 2=.22 Para DK; F(2, 147)=37.59; p<.001; ηp 2=.34 Para PK). Además, la Rho de Spearman prueba demostró que DK y PK se correlacionaron con la cantidad y el nivel de competencia. Estos resultados sugieren que la cantidad y el nivel de competencia podría ser de importancia central para el desarrollo de la pericia en los jugadores de tenis. En las etapas de formación deportiva, recomendamos autocares para planificar la participación en concursos (en el corto y mediano plazo), por lo que las oposiciones proporcionaría apropiado y experiencias significativas en condiciones reales (es decir, que debe ser ecológicamente válida). Estos concursos deben ser de alto nivel y lo suficientemente desafiantes para fomentar el desarrollo de competencias cognitivas. Las estructuras de competencia (por ejemplo, concursos de temporada), que favorecen elementos cognoscitivos (p. ej. DK y PK) y desarrollar conocimientos especializados en atletas, también habrá que poner en prácticaThis work evaluates the relationship between quantity and level of competition, and cognitive expertise. To this end, cognitive expertise has been evaluated in Spanish tennis players (N=150) by means of declarative knowledge (DK) and procedural knowledge (PK) levels. DK and PK were assessed through a specific questionnaire (DK/PK-QT; García-González, Moreno, Moreno, Iglesias, & Del Villar, 2008). ANOVAs showed significant differences in both DK and PK with regard to the quantity of competitions played (F(2, 147)=23.28; p<.001; ηp 2=.24 for DK; F(2,147)=44.52; p<.001; ηp 2=.37 for PK) and with regard to the level of competition (F(2, 147)=20.91; p<.001; ηp 2=.22 for DK; F(2, 147)=37.59; p<.001; ηp 2=.34 for PK). Furthermore, the Spearman’s Rho test showed that DK and PK were strongly correlated to quantity and level of competition. These results suggest that quantity and level of competition could be of central importance for the development of expertise in tennis players. In sport training stages, we recommend coaches to plan participation in competitions (in the short and medium term), so that competitions would provide appropriate and significant experiences in real setting conditions (i.e. they should be ecologically valid). These competitions must be high level ones and sufficiently challenging so as to foster the development of cognitive expertise. Competitive structures (e.g. season competitions), which favor cognitive elements (e.g. DK and PK) and develop expertise in athletes, will also have to be put into practice.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10662/5874
Date: 2015


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